What You Need To Know About Bath Tub Refinishing}

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What You Need To Know About Bath Tub Refinishing


Christopher Smith

After many years of living in your home there may be some things which are in need of repair or replacement. For instance, there may be stains that build up on your bathtub, giving it the appearance of being dirty and unhealthy. These stains are very hard to remove and in fact some may seem impossible to remove, no matter how much effort you put into cleaning the bathtub. You may even consider replacing the tub to be rid of any unsightly stains. However, before buying an expensive new tub, you may be interested to know that there is a way to give your old stained bathtub a brand new face lift. The method that is used for making stained tubs look brand new is by means of bathtub refinishing.

Bathing is meant to be a satisfying experience. It gives you pleasure to relax and rest well while you cleanse yourself. When you are bathing in a tub that has an appearance of being unsanitary or dirty it may even make you think twice about getting into the tub in the first place.

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If you are thinking about replacing your old bath tub with a new one, you have to consider that it will be very expensive to do so. If you can’t afford a brand new bath tub, you should consider refinishing your old bath tub. This is a cost effective solution that can let you save a lot of money in purchasing a bath tub. What bath tub refinishing means is that you will not really replace your old bath tub with a new one, but you will refinish your old bath tub in order to make it look as good as new. Besides, it may seem illogical to throw away a perfectly working bath tub because it’s dirty.

You will find here refinishing bath tub basics that will help to give you an idea of what can be done to help the appearance of your bath tub and how refinishing works.

It is of the utmost importance that you protect yourself while refinishing your bathtub, as you will be handling several chemicals that could possibly be harmful. Always work in a well-ventilated area since the fumes from these chemical are very harmful when inhaled.

The first thing you have to do is by cleaning and removing any loose caulking or gaskets. There are chemicals that you can use to remove soap stains, and hard water mineral deposits. After cleaning your bath tub thoroughly, the next step is by applying the primer to prepare it for refinishing. Cover the areas where you don’t want to refinish with a masking tape and paper.

After applying the primer, the next step is by applying the base coat. It is important that you should apply the base coat thoroughly and evenly throughout the bath tub. Let the base coat dry thoroughly and apply the topcoat. The topcoat is what your bath tub will look like after the refinishing process. You have to choose what kind of color you want for your bath tub. It is important that you should apply the topcoat evenly throughout the bath tub to ensure a great finish.

As you can see, the basic about refinishing a bath tub is very simple. You can get bath tub refinishing kits in your local hardware store and you will also be given detailed instruction on how you can refinish your bath tub.

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What You Need To Know About Bath Tub Refinishing


Wikinews interviews U.S. Green Party presidential candidate Cynthia McKinney

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Friday, March 7, 2008

Wikinews held an exclusive interview with Cynthia McKinney, one of the candidates for the Green Party nomination for the 2008 U.S. presidential election.

McKinney is a former Democratic Congresswoman from Georgia. She was first elected to the House of Representatives in 1992 and held her seat for ten years until being defeated by Denise Majette in 2002. She was the first ever African American woman from her state to be elected to Congress.

We asked her why she made the recent switch to the Green Party. She replied, “Due to the importance of environmental issues, Green issues are the issues of today. The Ten Key Values of the Green Party stress us getting along with each other in harmony with the planet that gives us life.”

When asked about how she would handle Iraq she replied, “I would instruct the Joint Chiefs to draw up a plan for the orderly withdrawal of all U.S. troops from the country. I would dismantle our military bases in the area, and I would also demand that U.S. and other international corporations relinquish any claims to Iraqi oil or other resources and withdraw as well.”

McKinney is running for president because, basically, she thinks that “it’s time that the people win”.

Jeff Gordon wins the 2011 Subway Fresh Fit 500

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Monday, February 28, 2011

Hendrick Motorsports driver Jeff Gordon, who qualified 20th, won the NASCAR Sprint Cup Series 2011 Subway Fresh Fit 500 held on Sunday at Phoenix International Raceway in Avondale, Arizona, United States. This became his first Sprint Cup win of the season. Throughout the course of the race there were eight cautions and 29 lead changes among twelve different drivers.

With ten laps remaining in the 312 lap race, Kyle Busch was first, but Gordon passed him one lap later. Gordon maintained the lead to win the race, while Busch finished in the second position. Jimmie Johnson took third, ahead of Kevin Harvick in fourth. Ryan Newman managed the fifth position, after starting 14th on the grid. Kasey Kahne, from the Red Bull Racing Team, clinched the sixth position, after leading none of the laps during the race. Tony Stewart followed Kahne in seventh, while Kurt Busch could only manage eighth.

A. J. Allmedinger, and Dale Earnhardt, Jr. rounded out the top ten finishers in the race. After doing his victory lap, Gordon shouted, “That’s why I love racing. Hell, yeah.” Following the race, Kyle Busch became Drivers’ Championship leader with 80 points. Next, Kurt Busch was second with 77, eight points ahead of Stewart and Allmendinger. Gordon and Mark Martin was placed fifth and sixth with 65 points. Bobby Labonte, Newman, Juan Pablo Montoya, and David Gilliland rounded out the top-ten point positions.

The 2011 season will continue on March 6, 2011 at Las Vegas Motor Speedway for the 2011 Kobalt Tools 400. The race will be televised in the US on Fox at 3:00 p.m. EST.

Parts of internet break as ‘512k day’ reached by routers

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Thursday, August 14, 2014

On Tuesday many internet routers, used to find the pathways to different parts of the web, reached their memory limit of 512,000 entries in the tables they use to store the routes, causing problems for many users.

A router is used to direct a user towards the area of the internet where they will find the content they are looking for, e.g. a web page. The recent problem was caused by the arbitrary memory limit built into the design of many aging routers. A limit was needed to prevent the cost of hardware from becoming prohibitively expensive in the days when physical data storage was still comparatively expensive. This small amount of memory in turn limits the number of directions which can be stored on a single router leading to different parts of the internet. When this limit was reached, it caused outages of services among Internet Service Providers. Many routers, including older ones provided by Cisco Systems Inc., are limited to storing a total of 512,000 routes or paths.

This limit was reached on Tuesday, reported to have been triggered by Verizon publishing another 15,000 paths. Those affected included eBay, LastPass, and clients of the web hosting company Liquid Web, who lost much of their services until Verizon withdrew some of these new paths. Problems nevertheless continued throughout the day, even after the withdrawal.

A longer term fix is possible, but it would require manually replacing old routers with newer, more capable ones. It is hard to tell what issues would temporarily cascade though the internet by taking down routers from part of the internet for maintenance. Many experts have warned that problems could continue until these difficult fixes have been implemented, although the recent switch to a newer form of IP Addresses, IPv6, will temporarily help the issue. Wired News reported that Andre Toonk, a network engineer, had stated that the number of network outages on the internet, typically around 1,500, yesterday peaked at 2,587, enough to become clearly noticeable.

Balcony, Patio, And Courtyard Gardening}

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Balcony, Patio, and Courtyard Gardening


Gwen Nyhus Stewart

People choose balcony, patio, and courtyard gardening for many different reasons. Some are moving from a large house to smaller accommodation, some dont want the hassle of a large property, and some chose to live in rental property to avoid the high-cost of owning a home. Whatever the reason, this doesnt mean we cant garden. No space is too small for a small space garden. One plant in a container is a garden. In fact, ever more gardening options are available in terms of pots, half-barrels, window boxes, troughs, cast-iron planters, recycled materials the list is unending with possibilities.

Planning a Small Space Garden

When planning your small space garden several steps are fundamental. The first consideration is to determine what purpose this space will serve. Do you want to grow vegetables, herbs, entertain family and friends, meditate, create a place of peace, healing, a memorial garden the list is endless. Next, walk around your space and really look at what you have. Where are doors, sheds, permanent planters located? Is there any clutter? Clear out the clutter by asking yourself: Do I love it? Have I used it in the past year? If it no longer serves you, turf it out, paint it or fix it, give it to somebody who needs it.

If possible, take a chair and sit down, move it around, and think about where the energy feels best for you. Wherever that is, place your seating such as a park bench, lounge, Muskoka chairs, dining furniture, swing, etc. Do you want a formal or informal setting? What features do you want? Features such as water, flowers, vegetables, herbs, wind chimes, wild life, colour, etc. add the finishing touches to your small space garden. Finally, make a plan particularly if you are going to use large features such as a half-barrel. Once filled with soil you will not want to be moving it.

Creating a Small Space Garden

Containers. Generally speaking natural materials such as wood, clay, stone, or cast iron in all their forms make better companions for plants. Remember that wet soil weighs a lot so if you garden on a balcony weight restrictions may apply. Containers made from lighter weight materials such as fibreglass are ideal for roof or balcony gardens. Styles of containers include hanging baskets, wirework stands and baskets, wood window boxes, sinks, troughs, galvanized buckets, old shoes or boots, bathtubs, old tires, and all manner of recycled objects.

Scale. Scale is extremely important in small space gardening. For example, small plants look more balanced in small containers, large plants in large containers. I especially like the effect of vines growing on trellis in half-barrels with smaller plants edging the container. In the half-barrels I use, I have grown many different vines but have found that the effect of scarlet runner pole beans (Phaseolus vulgaris) is really a knockout with their gorgeous red flowers and you can eat them too.

Microclimates. Which plants prefer which location? Choose plants according to the conditions suitable for their optimum growth. Plants such as begonia (Begonia x semperflorens), coleus (Coleus x hybridous), and Fuchsia (Fuchsia x hybrida) prefer shaded areas while geraniums (Pelargonium x hortorum), marigolds (Tagetes erecta), and petunia (Petunia x hybrida) prefer full sun. Wind can be a major factor and damage fragile plants. Choose plants that are wind tolerant such as many of the grasses; the sound of the rustling of the grasses as the wind blows through them is very pleasing to the ear.

Soil. I buy pre-mixed potting soil from the garden centers or shopping malls. These are generally lighter in weight to carry, sterilized to prevent weed seeds from germinating, and contain a lot of peat moss that helps loosen the soil so that it doesnt compact in pots. I also buy organic soil that doesnt have artificial chemicals added as I dump my pots of used soil into the garden where I grow vegetables.

Watering. Check daily as container plants often dry out more quickly. This is especially true if you are using clay pots. Make sure pots have drainage holes, as roots sitting in water will rot. When there has been excessive rain or water, empty saucers that are full. If you garden on a balcony sit plants on something to catch the water so that it doesnt run down on your neighbours.

Fertiliser. Due to frequent watering, container plants require fertiliser on a more consistent basis then plants in the ground do. Use organic fertilisers such as blood meal, bone meal, or fish emulsion, particularly if the soil is going to be added to the garden at the end of the season, as chemical fertilisers harm the wildlife.

Function. When you are creating your small space garden you are actually designing an outdoor room. Keep in mind that this can be colour co-ordinated to appear as an extension of your home. I move my indoor plants outside for the summer (which they love) and design these areas as garden rooms.

Focal point. Create a focal point such as a large pot, tall plant or tree, colour, or a water feature. Perennial vines such as Virginia creeper (Parthenocissus quinquefolia) will grow in a large container and come back year after year. Create a sense of mystery by hiding a plant or ornament behind something else to give the pleasure of discovering it.

Colour. In a small space, use three colours such as pinks, blues, and whites; reds, oranges, and yellows; reds, whites, and blues; or reds, whites, and purples that provide continuity rather than too many colours which tend to be distracting. Cool colours make the space appear bigger and brighter while intense colours shrink spaces. A white and green colour theme called a moon garden is more formal and particularly at night is spectacular. Many white flowers are fragrant at night as well.

Lighting. I especially like the small Xmas lights hidden in plants and interwoven throughout a trellis with climbing vines. Up lighting with small spotlights can focus attention on a particular area for evening entertaining.

Gwen Nyhus Stewart, B.S.W., M.G., H.T., is an educator, freelance writer, garden consultant, and author of the book The Healing Garden: A Place Of Peace Gardening For The Soil, Gardening For The Soul. She owns the website Gwens Healing Garden where you will find lots of free information about gardening for the soil and gardening for the soul. To find out more about the book and subscribe to her free Newsletter visit www.gwenshealinggarden.ca Gwen Nyhus Stewart 2004 2005. All rights reserved.

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Balcony, Patio, and Courtyard Gardening }

Ferry burns near Jakarta, killing passengers

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Sunday, January 1, 2017

A ferry caught fire near Jakarta, Indonesia this morning. The National Disaster Mitigation Agency said at least 23 had died and at least seventeen remain missing.

The Zahro Express caught fire shortly after leaving Muara Angke port in Jakarta. It was heading to Tidung Island, in the Kepulauan Seribu chain. Police said the fire began in the engine area.

A manifest listed 100 passengers, but officials estimated over 200 were on board. Sumarsono, acting governor of Jakarta, dismissed suggestions the vessel was overloaded. Its blackened wreckage was towed back to Muara Angke.

Rescuers continue to search for bodies. As of earlier today, nine of the injured remained in hospital. Three bodies have been identified as Jaksen Wilhelmus, Masduki, and Alia. Jaksen and Masduki are both from West Java. The National Disaster Mitigation Agency said ten ships continue to search for bodies or survivors.

“Fifteen minutes after the boat set sail, people at the back of the boat started making noise,” one survivor said. “Then I saw smoke, there was more and more, the boat was crowded and people were fighting for life jackets.” Another told Reuters passengers panicked when the fire broke out, and were met with a sudden conflagration when flames reached fuel.

Boat accidents are common in the island nation. The National Transportation Safety Committee reported to The Jakarta Post today that shipping accidents were up from fifteen in 2015 to 28 in 2016. Lead marine investigator Aldrin Dalimunte told the paper some boats are well-maintained but run by poorly-trained crew who lack the motivation and knowledge to prevent accidents.

Wikinews Shorts: January 13, 2009

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A compilation of brief news reports for Tuesday, January 13, 2009.


  • 1 Anti-government protests in Riga, Latvia cause riots
  • 2 Obama will close Guantanamo Bay in his first week say advisers
  • 3 Greek shipping magnate kidnapped in Athens
  • 4 Microsoft permits additional Windows 7 beta downloads
  • 5 Cristiano Ronaldo crowned Footballer of the Year
  • 6 Change of mind: Democrats accept Burris
  • 7 Obama inauguration to appear in Lego form

U.S. Marine Training Pugil Stick Beatdowns! Week 2.}

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U.S. Marine Training Pugil Stick Beatdowns! Week 2.


M.A. Coates

Week two of boot camp finally allows recruits to do what they have been wanting to do since they got off the bus at Parris Island – hit somebody!!

What I suggest is using the time between signing up and the day you leave to train your butt off. If you have more than 12 weeks to train, thats great. If not, at least youll have head start.

By now, the initial shock of the first week of Marine boot camp has usually passed; the real training of the Marine recruits begins.

For two weeks the Drill Instructors (DIs) have been putting the new recruits through total immersion and doing their best to form the recruits.

Finally, for the first time since you arrive, you get to hit someone. No doubt that after a long week of being ordered around, missing your folks, living with strangers and everything else, youll be ready to mix it up with the pugil sticks.

The pugil stick portion of training is a lot of fun. At first, you might be a little nervous but dont worry, its almost impossible to get hurt. Once you get over this initial apprehension, you will find out how much fun it really it is.

Marine Platoons compete against each other in nearly every aspect of Basic training and the pugil sticks are no exception. Each barrack has an award table and each time a trophy is won, it is prominently displayed and the DIs take these competitions very seriously.

So heres what you should be doing long before you arrive at Parris Island to prepare for pugil training, (West of the Mississippi, youll go to the Marine training center in San Diego but lets use Parris Island for ease of discussion).

Only 2 types of blows are permitted during the fights. Youll be allowed to slash and do a horizontal butt-stroke. Think about the sticks as having a bayonet at both ends and youll get an idea of what to do. Get a broom stick and stand in front of a mirror.

Practice slashing and jabbing at your head. The head is the only target youll be allowed to strike, so get used to it now.

Winning pugil stick matches is a great way to get ahead during Basic Training and to set yourself apart. Get ready by working on your own with a stick, slashing, jabbing and slashing. Make yourself stronger by doing a little workout that Bruce Lee used to do.

Grab a set of dumbbells (whatever weight you can handle – 10, 20, 30lbs, whatever) and throw different punches with each hand. Throw 20-30 with each hand and throw jabs, straights, hooks, etc. When time comes to throw the sticks, youll be far ahead of the rest of the recruits.

The rest of the second week will be spent learning about Core Values, Problem Solving, Courage, Combat Conditioning, Upper and Lower Body Strikes, Honor, Code of Conduct, Leadership, and First Aid. Youll also be doing your first 5 Km Conditioning March.

Prepare for this week by continuing the conditioning recommended in my Week One Lesson (found on my website), add on the weight training as per Bruce Lee and go on 5 Km marches at a brisk clip, wearing boots. Also add the boots to your run regiment at least once a week as well as keeping up with your regular runs.

This is a good start for anyone considering joining the Marines. Week 3 will be coming soon. These lessons will at least get you physically and mentally prepared, keep much of the heat off of you and get you thinking about what you can expect in Week 2 of Basic.

You can get the schedule for the Weeks 1- 12 (graduation) of boot camp by signing up for my free newsletter Military Tough at Military Tough!

Youll also learn all aspects of physical and mental toughness necessary for the armed services and Special Forces. Sign up today and receive a copy of the official U.S. Marines Hand to Hand Combat Manual as well.

Thanks for reading, good luck.

M.A. Coates


Become Military Tough, win boot camp! For the best in training, combat lessons, Military history and more, sign up for free lessons at http://www.militarytough.com.

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U.S. Marine Training Pugil Stick Beatdowns! Week 2. }

Twenty-five children injured in bus-truck collision in Florida

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Sunday, June 12, 2005

A truck collided with a bus on Friday, seriously injuring five children and one adult, authories have said. The bus was taking 25 children of immigrant workers to an amusement arcade.

“The more seriouslly hurt youngsters have suffered broken bones and head injuries”, said Fire-Rescue deputy Steve Delai. One young boy and a 30 year old were in intensive care at Delray Medical Center late Friday, officials have reported.

Two other children were in a stable condition, while conditions for the other two seriouslly injured children were not available.

“It appears that the bus was in the center lane and the tractor-trailer was in the right lane. For some reason the bus got into the path of the tractor-trailer,” A Florida Highway Patrol officer told a local television station.

Wikinews interviews Kristian Hanson, producer-director of indie horror film ‘Sledge’

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Thursday, October 23, 2014

Just days away from Halloween, Wikinews interviewed Kristian Hanson, producer-director of independent slasher film Sledge. The film has been a recent source of discussion in horror fan circles, primarily due to its production budget of only US$800. Sledge is Hanson’s fourth film to direct, according to Internet Movie Database.